How high off the floor of the stall should a hay rack be mounted?

Your hay rack can be hung about 4.5 to 5 feet off the ground, or where the bottom of the hay rack is about level with where the horse’s neck ties into the shoulder. The horse should be able to hold his head in a natural position and reach the hay rack. The horse should not have to reach up to get hay. If you hang the hay rack too low, there is the potential for the horse to get …

How toxic is Clematis to horses? Is it toxic all the time or only when it's flowering? Is it palatable to them or is it bitter where they will leave it alone?

In general, horses will avoid plants that are poisonous, provided they have adequate sources of nutrition. It is always best to avoid planting poisonous plants where horses can access them even if it is only occasionally.

Clematis contains irritating substances that cause mouth irritation, excessive salivation and diarrhea if eaten in quantity. Excess diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which can lead to more serious health issues. There is no readily available information on the palatability of clematis. The plant contains …

What is the best arena footing for reining and speed events? Can you use wood mulch type for these disciplines?

Many different types of arena footing materials are available depending on your price range and desired characteristics. One of the most affordable materials is stone dust, but it can be difficult to maintain as it is highly compactable. The most common arena material is sand, as it is relatively inexpensive and fairly easy to maintain. Many materials, such as lofting agents, soil, or clay, can be added to the sand to increase active recovery, retain moisture, and enhance cushion and …

What is the carbon footprint of a horse compared to an automobile?

David Mason-Jones in an article in Hoofbeats states that a horse is a carbon “sink”. Interestingly, he states that “the biomass of a horse is a carbon sink in the same way as the biomass of a tree in a forest is a carbon ‘sink.’”
The digestive process of horses produces far less methane than the digestive system of cattle and sheep. Cattle, sheep, and certain other grazing animals are known as ruminants because their gut contains a rumen. …

What is the difference, if anything, between a "dish" foot and a "club" foot?

Clubbed foot is a flexural deformity of the coffin joint resulting in a raised heel. The foot will initially exhibit a bulge at the coronary band, and the heels will have a contracted appearance to them. In addition, the hoof wall fails to expand when it comes in contact with the ground, resulting in the loss of flexibility in the soft tissue surrounding the coffin joint. The hoof wall at the toe develops a dished appearance, and the tip of …

How do I stop my horse from pulling back when tied?

To stop your horse from pulling back when tied requires a long cotton rope, a nylon halter, and a sturdy, well-secured snubbing post. The post should not break or give way when the horse sets back. Remember to tie in an area that has good, soft footing in case the horse falls. Place the nylon halter on the horse’s head. Take the long cotton rope and tie it around the horse’s belly just behind the shoulder. It is important that …

Is equine thrush of the hoof contagious to other horses?

Thrush is an anaerobic bacteria that is not contagious.
The best control for thrush is proper sanitation. Be sure that the horse’s hooves are cleaned daily and that the stall is cleaned daily with removal of wet spots and manure. If the horse is kept in a run-in shed, the area should be cleaned weekly to help minimize the buildup of organic matter. Copper Tox and Thrushbuster work well for treating thrush. Iodine-based products, such as Povidone, are also very …

My horse has crusty brownish red stuff forming in his ears. When wiped with a damp cloth it softens and is bloody. The problem seems to be getting worse as the summer progresses. What should I do?

The crusty brownish red stuff in your horse’s ears is likely dried blood, resulting from insects biting/feeding in your horse’s ears. Black flies are often involved in causing the problem. As to solutions, there are several things that can help reduce the biting. First, if your horse is not a show horse, do not clip the hair out of his ears. The hair is there to help keep the insects from easily getting to the skin. Using a fly repellent …

How quickly do paste wormers work to eliminate worms and bots? How can I be sure that worms have been eliminated in my horse?

Different dewormers act in different ways. Some kill the parasites quickly, while others kill more slowly. Also, some dewormers control both adult and immature parasites, while others only control parasites in the intestinal tract. Only the avermectins (ivermectin and moxidectin) control bots.
To determine if the product used is working, have a fecal flotation exam done before deworming and again about 14 days after deworming. There should be at least an 80 to 90% drop in egg count. The reason …