How high off the floor of the stall should a hay rack be mounted?

Your hay rack can be hung about 4.5 to 5 feet off the ground, or where the bottom of the hay rack is about level with where the horse’s neck ties into the shoulder. The horse should be able to hold his head in a natural position and reach the hay rack. The horse should not have to reach up to get hay. If you hang the hay rack too low, there is the potential for the horse to get …

How toxic is Clematis to horses? Is it toxic all the time or only when it's flowering? Is it palatable to them or is it bitter where they will leave it alone?

In general, horses will avoid plants that are poisonous, provided they have adequate sources of nutrition. It is always best to avoid planting poisonous plants where horses can access them even if it is only occasionally.

Clematis contains irritating substances that cause mouth irritation, excessive salivation and diarrhea if eaten in quantity. Excess diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which can lead to more serious health issues. There is no readily available information on the palatability of clematis. The plant contains …

What is the best arena footing for reining and speed events? Can you use wood mulch type for these disciplines?

Many different types of arena footing materials are available depending on your price range and desired characteristics. One of the most affordable materials is stone dust, but it can be difficult to maintain as it is highly compactable. The most common arena material is sand, as it is relatively inexpensive and fairly easy to maintain. Many materials, such as lofting agents, soil, or clay, can be added to the sand to increase active recovery, retain moisture, and enhance cushion and …

What is the carbon footprint of a horse compared to an automobile?

David Mason-Jones in an article in Hoofbeats states that a horse is a carbon “sink”. Interestingly, he states that “the biomass of a horse is a carbon sink in the same way as the biomass of a tree in a forest is a carbon ‘sink.’”
The digestive process of horses produces far less methane than the digestive system of cattle and sheep. Cattle, sheep, and certain other grazing animals are known as ruminants because their gut contains a rumen. …

How quickly do paste wormers work to eliminate worms and bots? How can I be sure that worms have been eliminated in my horse?

Different dewormers act in different ways. Some kill the parasites quickly, while others kill more slowly. Also, some dewormers control both adult and immature parasites, while others only control parasites in the intestinal tract. Only the avermectins (ivermectin and moxidectin) control bots.
To determine if the product used is working, have a fecal flotation exam done before deworming and again about 14 days after deworming. There should be at least an 80 to 90% drop in egg count. The reason …

How should dehydration be treated? How long can a horse go without water?

Assuming previous efforts at encouraging the horse to drink by offering of fresh, potable water have failed, you can treat dehydration by administering fluids and electrolyte solutions. Fluids and electrolytes are vital in treating and stabilizing horses with dehydration. However, you should seek the advice of your veterinarian and have him or her administer the fluids. Excess fluid administration can lead to physiological problems.
Most of the time, electrolytes will be administered by mouth. In severe cases, they will be …

Are persimmons potentially harmful to horses?

The American persimmon can be poisonous to horses. The problem is associated with tannins in the fruit. The tannins can precipitate from the fruit in the stomach and form a sticky mass. This mass can cause ulcers in the stomach and even lead to rupture of the stomach if the horse was to eat a large quantity of the fruit. This can also cause colic due to impaction in the stomach or the small intestine. Signs are colic and weight …

Can I feed round oat hay bales free choice to horses this winter?

You can feed oat hay, but feed it to mature horses and make sure nitrate levels are at acceptable levels.
Oat hay is not a commonly fed hay but can be an effective hay for older horses. The oat hay needs to be harvested in the soft dough stage when the leaves and stems are still green. If the oat hay is harvested when the plant is more mature and only a small amount of grain remains, the forage has …

What is the difference, if anything, between a "dish" foot and a "club" foot?

Clubbed foot is a flexural deformity of the coffin joint resulting in a raised heel. The foot will initially exhibit a bulge at the coronary band, and the heels will have a contracted appearance to them. In addition, the hoof wall fails to expand when it comes in contact with the ground, resulting in the loss of flexibility in the soft tissue surrounding the coffin joint. The hoof wall at the toe develops a dished appearance, and the tip of …