The concentrate portion of the ration contains grains that are higher in energy and lower in fiber than roughages. Many grains are fed to horses. The most common are oats, barley, and corn. Wheat and milo are other grains fed to horses.
Oats are the most popular and safest grain to feed to …
Feeding the horse is not difficult, but to do it properly, it takes knowledge and consistent attention. Nutritionists and owners must constantly evaluate their feeding program to ensure that their horses are receiving proper nutrition.
A nutrient is defined as any feed constituent that is necessary to support life. The following is a list of functions that nutrients perform in the horse’s body:
- source of energy
- component of body structure
- involved in or enhance chemical reactions in the
Common feeds fed to horses are classified into three categories:
- Roughages are high in fiber and low in energy.
- Roughages include pasture, hay, and silage.
- Concentrates are low in fiber and high in energy.
- Concentrates include grains and grain by-products.
- Supplements are used to balance rations to make up for deficiencies in protein, minerals, and vitamins.
- Protein supplements are of plant or animal origin, whereas minerals are organic or inorganic. Most vitamins can be synthesized by the
Hay is the most common roughage fed to horses in confinement. The goal of a horse owner is to purchase and feed high quality hay. A good understanding of the factors that affect hay production will help you select high quality hay.
Factors that Affect Hay Quality:
1. Growing Conditions
Legumes are higher in protein, energy, calcium, and vitamin A than grass hay. Clovers are legumes and may not be as green in color as alfalfa. Red clover can …
Water Needs for Horses
Clean, fresh, palatable water should be available to the horse at all times.
A mature, idle horse (500 kg) will require between 10 and 12 gallons of water per day, depending on environmental and/or physiological conditions.
Factors that change water consumption: