Dr. Erika Machtinger from Penn State University who is an eventer, dressage rider and veterinary entomologist gives us some very expert advice on managing different species of biting flies, provides very insider tips on which fly repellants are the most effective, and explains why flies may prefer Vince to Cactus. This is especially pertinent information as vesicular stomatitis, which is transmitted through flies, continues to spread.
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This work is supported in part by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. 2020-41595-30123 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
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