When using 2,4-D on our pasture, how long until we can release the horses back out? Some have told me it will not hurt horses, while others say to wait seven days.

2,4-D alone does not have a grazing restriction for horses. However, you need to read your actual product label to see if additional precautions exist because of the formulation. For example, lactating dairy cows are not to graze herbicide-applied fields for seven days, hay is not to be harvested for 14 to 30 days (depending on the product), and meat animals should be removed three days before slaughter.
If the label for that specific product does not have restrictions indicated …

I have about 2 acres of johnsongrass in my hay meadow that is mostly bermudagrass. Would I be safe to bale the hay and feed it to horses?

Cyanide concentration drops to safe levels in johnsongrass when cured for hay, and it is safe to feed.
The leaves and stems of johnsongrass contain a cyanide compound, which when metabolized, inhibits the body’s ability to absorb oxygen, in effect suffocating the animal; young shoots of johnsongrass contain the highest concentration of the toxin. Because horses do not metabolize the cyanide compound as efficiently as ruminant animals do, grazing healthy adult plants is unlikely to harm them, but circumstances that …

Are holly trees toxic to horses?

Holly has an array of potential toxicants, but its potential to cause symptoms is quite variable and is highest in fruits when consumed at 0.28% of body weight if fresh and 0.71% if dried. In most instances of intoxication, the signs will be indicative of mild to moderate dysfunction and may include diarrhea, which lasts only a few hours. A lethal outcome is not likely. (From Toxic Plants of North America, Burrows & Tyrl)…

How should I get rid of moss in pastures?

Moss tends to thrive in damp, shaded areas. In addition, acidic soils and overgrazing of competitive grasses increases the chances of moss growth.
While there are chemicals such as ferrous ammonium sulfate or ferrous sulfate that can be applied to reduce and eliminate moss growth in pastures, they are expensive and may only temporarily solve the problem unless other pasture management techniques are implemented.
If the soil is extremely damp, you may want to try implementing a drainage system in …

Can we spread chicken litter onto our horse pastures?

Spreading fresh manure on pastures being grazed by horses (or any type of livestock) is not a recommended practice. However, manure of any species that has been properly composted for a period of 30 days (specific environmental conditins will alter this guideline) may be spread on pastures. The heat generated during composting kills internal parasite eggs/larvae and potentially harmful bacteria, such as Salmonella. It is important to compost properly. Ruminant manure spread on horse pastures should create few parasite problems …

Can horses graze on wheat?

Wheat is an excellent cool-season annual grass that can be used for winter grazing. It is not a typical horse pasture species, but as with other cereal grains such as rye, barley, and oats, these forage species can be planted on an annual basis to help extend the grazing period. As with all forage crops, a major requirement for effective use of grazing wheat for horses is proper management. Potential extended periods of grazing are in late fall, early winter, …

How can I control mud in heavy traffic areas in my horse pastures and paddocks?

Some horse owners have been successful in dramatically reducing mud problems using a load-bearing material used in the highway industry that can be placed in high traffic areas—or, in other words, creating a sacrifice area. There are two basic types of materials: 1) geotextiles, which are a porous filter-type material, and 2) polyethylene-type plastic grid material. The area to be surfaced should be excavated to 6 to 8 inches in depth. Place 4 to 6 inches of No. 4 crushed …