Livestock First Aid and Safety

Injured animals and animals under stress react differently than they do in normal circumstances. If you don’t work with livestock often, you may not completely understand how to keep yourself and animals safe in stressful situations, or how to provide first aid to injured animals.


The presenters focus on how to work safely around these animals and discuss basic first aid techniques to use with livestock and working animals. They also provide tips on livestock first aid …

Can bleach be used to clean the interior of a horse stable that was flooded with river water?

Bleach can be used, but there are more effective disinfectants for a stable. To disinfect the stalls or paddock, organic matter needs to be removed. The bedding needs to be removed, and the walls and fencing need to be swept or scrubbed off. A pressure washer should then be used with a strong detergent to wash all surfaces. Some areas that are heavily stained may require hand scrubbing. After all surfaces are cleaned and rinsed, as much water or moisture …

What's the P Index?

The P Index is the Phosphorus Index, a risk assessment tool to quantify the potential for phosphorus runoff from a field. The P Index helps to target critical source areas of potential P loss for greater management attention. It includes source and transport factors. Source factors address how much P is available (for example, soil test P level and P fertilizer and manure application amounts). Transport factors evaluate the potential for runoff to occur (for example, soil erosion, distance and …

How can I prevent leaching of nitrate into groundwater from manure applications?

Nitrate contamination of groundwater occurs when excess nitrate in the soil profile moves along with water that is moving down past the root zone of the crop. In most cases, it is not possible to keep water from moving past the roots, so the only other option for preventing nitrate leaching is to avoid having excess nitrate present in the root zone during times when leaching events are likely to occur. Determine the available nitrogen content of manure prior to …

How do you calibrate a manure spreader?

Calibrating a manure spreader is critical to ensure that the appropriate rate of manure nutrients is being applied to a field. For some livestock operations, this practice may be a required practice as part of their permit. Calibration will differ depending on the equipment and type of manure being applied.

If you know the capacity of the spreader, you need to determine the width of each pass and the distance it takes to empty the spreader to determine the rate …

Is moldy hay or grain safe to feed to horses or cattle?

In the case of horses, the best practice is not to feed moldy hay or grain, ever. Since the horse does not have the same type of digestive system as a cow, what a cow may be able to eat without problem may make a horse colic.
For cattle, the answer depends on what mold, whether mycotoxins are present, which mycotoxins are present, at what level, what percent of the animal’s diet will be moldy grain, and what type of …

Poultry Processing Regulations and Exemptions

Poultry processing regulations can be confusing, especially for small operations. Here we walk you through the federal law and small-scale exemptions and state-level laws and regulations.

Table of Contents

  1. Federal Law and Exemptions
  2. NMPAN Webinars about the Poultry Processing Exemptions
  3. Poultry Processing Regulations by State
  4. Other Resources


Federal Law and Exemptions

The Law

The federal Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA), administered by USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is the primary law governing poultry processing.

The PPIA requires …