Training Tips: Teaching the Horse to Respond to Leg Pressure

You do not have the Flash plugin installed, which means you are missing out on great interactive content. Download Flash.

Teaching a Horse to Respond to Leg Pressure, Part One

Download this video! Section One (37 MB)

You do not have the Flash plugin installed, which means you are missing out on great interactive content. Download Flash.

Teaching a Horse to Respond to Leg Pressure, Part Two

Download this video! Section Two (35 MB)

*To download this video, right click

Relating Form to Function: Horse's Balance

Ashley Griffin, University of Kentucky

 

Balanced horse

All horses are basically proportional but not necessarily balanced. Balance is the most important characteristic in selection, because it forms the basis for movement, length of stride, and ultimately, performance. Balance is determined by the underlying skeletal structure of the horse. It is important to develop the ability to visualize and evaluate the skeletal system of the horse underneath muscle and other tissues.

The slope of the horse’s shoulder is critical in order for …

Relating Form to Function: Horse's Muscle

Ashley Griffin, University of Kentucky

Muscle areas of the horse

Muscling is an important criteria in judging many conformation classes, especially stock horses such as Quarter Horses, Paints, and Appaloosas. Muscling is proportional.

As one muscle in the body increases, total muscle mass increases. Muscling is visually appraised in the: 

  • Forearm
  • Chest
  • Shoulder
  • Loin
  • Stifle
  • Gaskin

Heavy-muscled horses have greater circumference of forearm, gaskin, and width of hindquarter than light-muscled horses.

Today, the horse industry accepts muscling that is long, clean, …

Flight Zone and Defense

 

Ground Handling Horses: Flight Zone and Defense

Download this video! Flight Zone and Defense (36.15 MB)

*To download this video, right click on the link above and select “save link as”.

 

Permanent Identification using Freeze Branding in horses

Ashley Griffin, University of Kentucky

A fairly new and less painful method, freeze branding uses irons chilled in liquid nitrogen. The hair that grows back where the brand was applied has no pigment, resulting in a white brand. Therefore, when freeze branding a gray or white horse, the brand must be kept on longer to give the appearance of a hot brand.

Another type of freeze brand, called the alpha angle system, uses a horse’s date of …

Understanding Bits for Horses Learning Lesson

Understanding Bits for Horses

Understanding how a bit works in the horse’s mouth will help you select the most appropriate bit for the job and appreciate the craftsmanship of well balanced and constructed bits.

Lesson Instructions

This lesson has unique sections that lead you through the learning process and can be viewed sequentially or in a random order. To view a unit, click on the “down arrow” icon in the Navigation menu. Mouse over a unit title to view the

Equine Muscle Fiber Types

In equine athletes, muscle fibers are classified as either slow twitch or fast twitch fibers.

Types of Muscle Fibers

Slow twitch, or Type I, fibers are highly oxidative, meaning they use aerobic metabolism to produce energy-generating ATP. These fibers are used for endurance and are said to be “fatigue-resistant” because they are capable of reducing the toxic end products of metabolism, such as lactate.

Fast twitch, or Type II, fibers are subdivided into Type II A and Type II B …

Example of Potential Brain Damage

Download this video! Example of Potential Brain Damage (2.77 MB)

*To download this video, right click on the link above and select “save link as”.

 

Video Highlights:

Check out the eXHorses YouTube Channel

Partners

image description

Contact Washington State University to obtain more information on this subject.

Draft Horse Breed

Draft horse team

In contrast to pony and light horse breeds, draft horses are the gentle giants of the industry. These horses may also be characterized as a heavy horse breed that stands from 15 to more than 18 hands tall and can weigh more than 2,000 pounds.

They were the workhorses used for agriculture production and hauling freight in days gone by. Today, many draft horses are used on farms and ranches across North America and in exhibition hitches in the show …

Energy for Equine Performance: Aerobic Metabolism

Aerobic Metabolism

Aerobic metabolism is dependent on oxygen to break down fuel stores in the horse. Initially, there are limited amounts of oxygen reserves in the body that are present in myoglobin and hemoglobin. These molecules carry oxygen to the muscle and other tissues. However, these oxygen stores only last a few seconds to produce limited amounts of ATP. Inhaled oxygen during aerobic exercise is carried to the muscles and liver to metabolize carbohydrates and fats for the production of …