Relating Form to Function: Horse's Frontlegs, Front View

Ashley Griffin, University of Kentucky

Horse's straight column of bone

The horse’s forelimb bears 65 percent of its body weight. Therefore, it is extremely important for a horse to have straight, structurally correct front legs. Due to the amount of weight on the forelimbs, horses suffer from more front leg injuries due to trauma and concussion than any other type of leg injuries.

Ideally, when viewing the forelegs from the front, a straight line from the point of the shoulder should bisect the entire …

Dental Star

Dental stars are marks that appear in the central pulp cavity of the teeth as the horse ages. After some wear has occurred on the teeth, the central pulp cavity is exposed and the tooth is marked by the dental star.

These begin as a dark line in front of the dental cup, which grows in size and becomes more oval in shape as the cups are worn away. Dental stars are usually first visible at age 6, on the …

Disease: Hemophilia A

Hemophilia A is an inherited disease of Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses, Arabians, and Standardbreds. The disease is transmitted by an X-linked mode of inheritance. Hemophilia A is characterized by prolonged bleeding times in affected males. These horses have a tendency to develop hematomas (blood pockets) whenever traumatized.

 

 

Partners

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Originated from the American Youth Horse Council’s
Horse Industry Handbook
The umbrella organization providing leadership and resources for the youth horse industry.
1-800-TRY-AYHC

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Extruded Feed

Extruded feeds are ground feeds that are forced through a die under pressure and steam heat. The final product is a feed that has the consistency of dry dog food. The extruded horse feed is less dense than a pellet, and may weigh as little as one half the weight of the same volume of pellets. The physical form of the extruded feeds may also slow down the horse’s rate of intake compared to pelleted feed. Extruded feeds are thought …

Legumes

clover


Legumes are plant species commonly used as a forages for horses. They typically have a higher nutrient content than grass forage species.

Alfalfa is the most common forage legume; however, clovers, birdsfoot trefoil, and lespedeza can also be fed.

Legumes have rhizobia (nodule bacteria) that fix nitrogen from the air into a plant-available form.

For more information, see:

 

 

Partners

American Youth Horse Council Logo
Originated from the American Youth Horse Council’s
Horse Industry Handbook
The

Pneumovagina

Pneumovagina results from wind sucking by mares with vaginas anatomically predisposed for the aspiration of air through the lips of the vulva, thus causing ballooning of the vagina.

Partners

American Youth Horse Council Logo
Originated from the American Youth Horse Council’s
Horse Industry Handbook
The umbrella organization providing leadership and resources for the youth horse industry.
1-800-TRY-AYHC

Bishoping

Bishoping is the act of changing the appearance of equine teeth to make the horse look younger.

This process can involve such processes as filing down the Galvayne’s Groove or changing the shape or length of the teeth, or using silver nitrate to artificially create cups.

This dishonest practice does not reverse other signs of age shown in enamel rings, the shape of the holes in the smooth-tabled incisors to make new cups which were then blackened with wearing …

Clinch Cutter

A clinch cutter consists of two parts, the blade and the point. The blade, preferably an inch wide, is used to cut or to raise clinches. It is placed under the clinch and struck with the driving hammer. The point is used to punch nails and broken stubs out of the hoof. It can be used to raise the head of a nail from the creases of a shoe sufficiently to enable the pull offs to grasp the nail head …

Crossbuck Pack Saddle

Crossbuck is a type of pack saddle that is usually rigged for a double cinch and is best suited for carrying hanging panniers. The crossbuck is the saddle that most people think of as a packsaddle and the type you see in pictures of prospectors and mountain men. The bars (the sculpted horizontal pieces that lie against the animal’s back) are joined by a pair of hardwood crosspieces front and back that form an X. This looks like a sawbuck …